Defence Cooperation Defence Cooperation

Defence Cooperation

INDIA JAPAN BILATERAL RELATIONS

1.Defence Cooperation: India-Japan Defense and Security partnership forms an integral pillar of bilateral ties. India-Japan defense exchanges have gained strength in recent years due to growing convergence on strategic matters and its significance is growing from the common outlook on issues of peace, security and stability of the Indo-Pacific Region. A Joint Declaration on Security Cooperation (JDSC) between India and Japan was signed in 2008, a Memorandum of Defence Cooperation and Exchanges was signed in 2014, Agreement concerning Transfer of Defence Equipment & Technology Cooperation and Agreement concerning Security Measures for Protection of Classified Military information were signed in 2015 and Implementing Arrangement for Deeper Cooperation between Indian Navy and JMSDF as signed in 2018. The Agreement concerning Reciprocal Provision of Supplies and Services between the Self-Defense Forces of Japan and the Indian Armed Forces RPSS) was signed on 9 September 2020.

2.Defense Ministerial Meeting and other high level exchanges: The first Defense Ministerial Meeting was held in September 2019 in Tokyo. Gen Bipin Rawat, Chief of Army Staff visited Japan on an official visit in December 2019. Gen Yamazaki Koji, Chief of Staff, Joint Staff visited India from 14 to 17 January 2020 to participate in Raisina Dialogue-2020. Adm Yamamura Hiroshi, Chief of Staff, MSDF visited India on an official visit from 10-12 Feb 2020. A 6-member delegation led by Adm Okushima Takahiro, Commandant Japan Coast Guard visited India for the 19th ICG-JCG High Level Meeting held at New Delhi on 14 January 2020 and also witnessed the joint exercises off Chennai held on 16 Jan 2020. Gen Shunji Izutsu, COS, JASDF visited India on an official visit from 09-10 December 2020. Adm Hiroshi Yamamura, COS, JMSDF visited on an official visit India from 25-27 Feb 22. Gen Koji Yamazaki, COS, Joint Staff visited India to participate in the Raisina Dialogue 22 from 25-27 Apr 22. Air Chief Marshal VR Chaudhari, Chief of the Air Staff visited on Japan from 16-20 May 22. The second Defense Ministerial Meeting was held in September 2022 in Tokyo.

3.Services Exchanges: The Tri-Service Exchanges between Japan and India have been institutionalized completing the triad. The 8th Navy-to-Navy Staff Talks were held in Tokyo from 9-11 July 2019. The 5th Army-to-Army Staff Talks were held in New Delhi from 7-9 February 2019 and 4th Air Force-to-Air Force Staff Talks were held on 05 November 2020. In addition, a large number of Subject Matter Expert Exchanges have been taking place regularly between all three services in consonance with discussion at the respective staff talks. Bilateral air exercise ‘Shinyuu Maitri-18’ was held between Japan Air Self Defense Force (JASDF) and Indian Air Force in December 2018 and October 2019 in India. Indian Navy and JMSDF regularly undertake bilateral exercises such as JIMEX, Bilateral Maritime Exercises and Passage Exercises. In addition, they also participate in various multilateral exercises demonstrating a very high level of interoperability. JMSDF ship JS Yuudachi and high level delegation also participated for the first time in MILAN 2022 held off Visakhapatnam in February /arch 2022. The last edition of Indian Army – JGSDF bilateral exercise Dharma Guardian, was held in Belgaum from 27 Feb to 10 Mar 2022.

4.Defence Equipment and Technology Cooperation (DETC): A decision to establish a Joint Working Group (JWG) on DETC was taken in 2014. Six meetings have been held so far in March 2015, August 2016, September 2017, July 2018, February 2020 and February 2022. The 2nd India-Japan Defence Business Forum was held on the side-lines of Aero India-2019 at Bengaluru on 23 February 2019.