Fact Sheet Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet & Country Note on Japan

General

Official Name

Japan (Nihon or Nippon in Japanese which means ‘Origin of Sun’).

Language

Japanese

Standard Time

GMT + 9 hours

Land Territory

3,77,975 sq. kms.

Geography

Japan, known as the ‘Land of Rising Sun’, is a part of a long chain of mountains running from Southeast Asia to Alaska. It comprises of over six thousand islands. It has long rocky coastline with many small and excellent harbors, numerous valleys, rivers and lakes. Mountainous and hilly areas account for over 75% of total area with 532 mountains over 2,000 meters high. Mt. Fuji is the highest mountain rising to 3776 meters. Being located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan is prone to earthquakes.

Climate

Predominantly temperate, it is marked by four distinct seasons with pronounced differences in the North and the South. Northern Japan has long and harsh winters and relatively cool summers. Central Japan has cold short winters and cool humid summers.

Main Cities

 

Tokyo (capital), Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo,Fukouka, Kobe, Kawasaki, Kyoto, Sendai

Total Prefectures

(Administrative division)

 

47

 

Population and demography

125.21 million (as of September 2021; Source: MIC, Japan)

29.1% of the population is over 65 years of age; 15.0% of the population is aged 75 & above (as of September 2021; Source: MIC, Japan)

Life Expectancy (years)

Male – 81.64; Female – 87.74 years (August 2021; Source: MHLW, Japan)

Religions

Shintoism (51%), Buddhists (43%), Christians (1%), Others (5%)

Neighboring Countries

Russia, North Korea, South Korea, China, Philippines, Pacific Islands, and the US

Political System

Japan is a constitutional monarchy. The Emperor is the symbol of State and of the unity of people. He performs his constitutional duties on the advice and with the approval of the Cabinet. Japan follows parliamentary democracy with separation of legislative, executive, and judicial branches.  The term of the government is four years. It may be terminated earlier if the Cabinet dissolves the House of Representatives. The Cabinet headed by Prime Minister is responsible to the Parliament (Diet) consisting of the House of Representatives (Lower House – 465 seats) and the House of Councillors (Upper House – 245 seats). Voting is by universal adult suffrage (18 years old and above).

Head of State (Emperor)

NARUHITO

Head of Government (Prime Minister)

KISHIDA Fumio

Minister for Foreign Affairs

HAYASHI Yoshimasa

Major Political Parties in Diet (Japanese Parliament)

House of Representatives – 465

Liberal Democratic Party

261 (20)

The Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan and the Independent

97 (13)

Komeito

32 (4)

Japanese Communist Party

10 (2)

Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party)

40 (4)

Democratic Party For the People

10 (1)

Independents

5 (0)

INCUMBENTS

463 (46)

Vacancies

2

MEMBERSHIP

465

Note: Figures in parentheses show the number of women members

 

 

 

House of Councillors – 245 (as of February 18, 2022)

 

Political Group in the House

Number of Members

Liberal Democratic Party and Voice of The People

118 (23)

The Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan and Social Democratic Party

40 (19)

Komeito

27 (4)

Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party)

21 (4)

Democratic Party For the People and The Shin-Ryokufukai

13 (4)

Japanese Communist Party

11 (5)

Okinawa Whirlwind

2 (0)

REIWA SHINSENGUMI

5 (1)

Independents

9 (4)

 

 

INCUMBENTS

248 (64)

Vacancies

0

MEMBERSHIP

248

Note: Figures in parentheses show the number of women members

  1. Key Economic Indicators

Economy

The economy of Japan is the third largest in the world by nominal GDP, the fourth largest by purchasing power parity and is the world’s second largest developed economy. Japan is the world’s third largest automobile manufacturing country, has the largest electronics goods industry, and is often ranked among the world’s most innovative countries leading several measures of global patent filings. Manufacturing in Japan focuses primarily on high-tech and precision goods, such as optical instruments, hybrid vehicles, and robotics. Besides the Kanto region, the Kansai region is one of the leading industrial clusters and manufacturing centers for the Japanese economy. Japan is the world’s largest creditor nation, generally running an annual trade surplus and having a considerable net international investment surplus.

GDP

Real: 527.1 trillion JPY (US$4.74 trillion) (FY 2020-21) 

Nominal: 536.6 trillion JPY (US$4.83 trillion) (FY 2020-21) (Unofficial Conversion as per rates on 5 October, 2021)

GDP Growth Rate

Real: –4.4%, Nominal : - 3.9% (FY 2020-21)

GDP Per capita

 

US$ 41,637 (CY 2020)

 

Major Sectors (% of GDP)

Agriculture: 1.2

Industry: 27.5

Services: 71.4

Inflation rate

0.8% (CY 2021)

0.0% (CY 2020)

0.5% (CY 2019)

Unemployment rate

2.9% (CY 2021)

2.8% (CY 2020)

2.4% (CY 2019)

Total Trade

USD 1450.65 billion (CY 2021)

USD 1276.34 billion (CY 2020)

USD 1427.19 billion (CY 2019)

Major Trading Partners

China, USA, EU

Rate of Exchange

USD/JPY: 143.23

INR/JPY: 1.80

(As on September 20, 2022)

Major Items of Exports

Transport equipment (Motor vehicles, parts of motor vehicles, ships, etc.), Electrical machinery & Semiconductors, Machinery (iron & steel products, electronic integrated circuits, power generating machinery), Manufactured goods (Iron & steel products, nonferrous metals, etc.), Chemicals (organic, medical, plastic materials), Food stuffs, Others.

Major Items of Imports

Mineral fuels (Petroleum & petroleum products, LNG, coal, LPG), Manufactured goods (iron & steel, nonferrous, textile yarn and fabric, clothing & accessories, medical products), Machinery (telecommunications equipment, semiconductors, electronic integrated circuits, computers & parts, scientific & optical equipment), Food stuffs, Transport equipment, Chemicals (Organic & medical products), Raw materials (wood, ore of nonferrous, iron ore, etc).

Japan’s Major Industries

Motor Vehicles, Electronic Goods, Machinery & Machine Tools, Steel & Non-Ferrous Metals, Ships, Chemicals, Textiles, Processed Food

III. India Specific Information

Indian Origin/Permanent Resident

Total: 547

Indian Expatriates

Total: approx 40,202

Indian Organizations

Banks

2

 

PSUs

2

 

Government Organizations

2

 

Indian Associations registered with EOI & CGI

49 with EOI Tokyo

09 with CGI Osaka

 

 https://www.gsi.go.jp/KOKUJYOHO/MENCHO/202001/area_todofuken.pdf

 http://www.biodic.go.jp/english/kiso/33/33_kaiga_e.html

 https://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/nenkan/69nenkan/1431-02.html

 http://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/jinsui/2019np/index.html

 https://www.e-stat.go.jp/en/stat-search/files?page=1&layout=dataset&toukei=00200524&tstat=000000090001

 https://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/handbook/pdf/2019all.pdf#page=23

 https://www.mhlw.go.jp/toukei/youran/aramashi/all.pdf

 http://www.shugiin.go.jp/internet/itdb_english.nsf/html/statics/english/strength.htm

 https://www.sangiin.go.jp/japanese/joho1/kousei/eng/strength/index.htm

 https://japan.kantei.go.jp/99_suga/meibo/daijin/index_e.html (R denotes House of Representatives & C denotes House of Councillors)

 https://www.esri.cao.go.jp/en/sna/data/sokuhou/files/2020/qe201_2/gdemenuea.html

 https://www.mofa.go.jp/policy/economy/japan/index.html

 https://www.esri.cao.go.jp/en/sna/data/sokuhou/files/2020/qe201_2/gdemenuea.html

 https://www.stat.go.jp/english/data/roudou/results/month/index.html

 https://www.mof.go.jp/english/international_policy/reference/official_reserve_assets/e0206.html

 https://www.mof.go.jp/english/jgbs/reference/gbb/e202003.html

 https://www.boj.or.jp/en/statistics/market/forex/fxdaily/index.htm/

 https://www.customs.go.jp/toukei/shinbun/trade-st_e/2019/2019_216e.pdf

 https://www.customs.go.jp/toukei/shinbun/trade-st_e/2019/2019_216e.pdf

 https://www.customs.go.jp/toukei/shinbun/trade-st_e/2019/2019_216e.pdf

 https://www.customs.go.jp/toukei/shinbun/trade-st_e/2019/2019_216e.pdf

 http://www.moj.go.jp/housei/toukei/toukei_ichiran_touroku.html