Fact Sheet Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet & Country Note on Japan

I. General

Official Name

Japan (Nihon or Nippon in Japanese which means ‘Origin of Sun’).



Standard Time

GMT + 9 hours

Land Territory

3,77,975 sq. kms.


Japan, known as the ‘Land of Rising Sun’, is a part of a long chain of mountains running from Southeast Asia to Alaska. It comprises of over six thousand islands. It has long rocky coastline with many small and excellent harbors, numerous valleys, rivers and lakes. Mountainous and hilly areas account for over 75% of total area with 532 mountains over 2,000 meters high. Mt. Fuji is the highest mountain rising to 3776 meters. Being located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan is prone to earthquakes.


Predominantly temperate, it is marked by four distinct seasons with pronounced differences in the North and the South. Northern Japan has long and harsh winters and relatively cool summers. Central Japan has cold short winters and cool humid summers.

Main Cities

Tokyo (capital), Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo,Fukouka, Kobe, Kawasaki, Kyoto, Sendai

Total Prefectures

(Administrative division)


Population and demography

125.05 million (as of May 2022; Source: Statistical Bureau of Japan)

29.1% of the population is over 65 years of age; 15.0% of the population is aged 75 & above

Life Expectancy (years)

Male – 81.47; Female – 87.57 years (August 2022; Source: MHLW, Japan)


Shintoism (51%), Buddhists (43%), Christians (1%), Others (5%)

Neighboring Countries

Russia, North Korea, South Korea, China, Philippines, Pacific Islands, and the US

Political System

Japan is a constitutional monarchy. The Emperor is the symbol of State and of the unity of people. He performs his constitutional duties on the advice and with the approval of the Cabinet. Japan follows parliamentary democracy with separation of legislative, executive, and judicial branches. The term of the government is four years. It may be terminated earlier if the Cabinet dissolves the House of Representatives. The Cabinet headed by Prime Minister is responsible to the Parliament (Diet) consisting of the House of Representatives (Lower House – 465 seats) and the House of Councillors (Upper House – 248 seats). Voting is by universal adult suffrage (18 years old and above).

Head of State (Emperor)


Head of Government (Prime Minister)


Minister for Foreign Affairs


Major Political Parties in Diet (Japanese Parliament)

House of Representatives (As of January 7, 2024)

Liberal Democratic Party

260 (21)

The Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan and the Independent

96 (13)

Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party)

41 (5)


32 (4)

Japanese Communist Party

10 (2)

Democratic Party For the People

7 (1)

Yushi no Kai

4 (0)

Free Education For All

4 (0)


3 (2)


7 (0)




464 (48)





   Note: Figures in parentheses show the number of women members.

House of Councillors (As of January 18,2024)

Political Groups in the House

Number of Members


Liberal Democratic Party

117 (24)


The Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan and Social Democratic Party

40 (20)



27 (4)


(currently confirming)

20 (5)


Democratic Party For the People and The Shin-Ryokufukai

12 (3)


Japanese Communist Party

11 (5)



5 (1)


Okinawa Whirlwind

2 (0)


The Party to Protect People from NHK

2 (0)

NHK Party


10 (4)



246 (66)








Notes: Figures in parentheses show the number of women members.


II. Key Economic Indicators


The economy of Japan is the third largest in the world by nominal GDP, the fourth largest by purchasing power parity and is the world’s second largest developed economy. Japan is the world’s third largest automobile manufacturing country, has the largest electronics goods industry, and is often ranked among the world’s most innovative countries leading several measures of global patent filings. Manufacturing in Japan focuses primarily on high-tech and precision goods, such as optical instruments, hybrid vehicles, and robotics. Besides the Kanto region, the Kansai region is one of the leading industrial clusters and manufacturing centers for the Japanese economy. Japan is the world’s largest creditor nation, generally running an annual trade surplus and having a considerable net international investment surplus.


Real: 546.0 trillion JPY (US$4.1 trillion) (FY 2021-22) 

 (Unofficial Conversion as per rates on February, 2023)

GDP Growth Rate

Real: –1.1%, Nominal : 1.3% (FY 2021-22)

GDP Per capita

US$ 39,803 (FY 2021-22)

Major Sectors (% of GDP)

Agriculture: 1.2

Industry: 27.5

Services: 71.4

Inflation rate

2.5%(CY 2022)

0.8% (CY 2021)

0.0% (CY 2020)

0.5% (CY 2019)

Unemployment rate

2.5% (CY 2022)

2.9% (CY 2021)

2.8% (CY 2020)

2.4% (CY 2019)

Total Trade

USD 1545.11 billion (CY 2022)

USD 1450.65 billion (CY 2021)

USD 1276.34 billion (CY 2020)

USD 1427.19 billion (CY 2019)

Major Trading Partners

China, USA, EU

Rate of Exchange

USD/JPY: 134.25

INR/JPY: 1.64

(As on March 13, 2023)

Major Items of Exports

Transport equipment (Motor vehicles, parts of motor vehicles, ships, etc.), Electrical machinery & Semiconductors, Machinery (iron & steel products, electronic integrated circuits, power generating machinery), Manufactured goods (Iron & steel products, nonferrous metals, etc.), Chemicals (organic, medical, plastic materials), Food stuffs, Others.

Major Items of Imports

Mineral fuels (Petroleum & petroleum products, LNG, coal, LPG), Manufactured goods (iron & steel, nonferrous, textile yarn and fabric, clothing & accessories, medical products), Machinery (telecommunications equipment, semiconductors, electronic integrated circuits, computers & parts, scientific & optical equipment), Food stuffs, Transport equipment, Chemicals (Organic & medical products), Raw materials (wood, ore of nonferrous, iron ore, etc).

Japan’s Major Industries

Motor Vehicles, Electronic Goods, Machinery & Machine Tools, Steel & Non-Ferrous Metals, Ships, Chemicals, Textiles, Processed Food

III. India Specific Information

Person of Indian Origin:

Total: 2,352

Indian Expatriates

Total: approx 46,262

Indian Organizations







Government Organizations



Indian Associations registered with EOI & CGI

53 with EOI Tokyo

09 with CGI Osaka










 https://japan.kantei.go.jp/99_suga/meibo/daijin/index_e.html (R denotes House of Representatives & C denotes House of Councillors)