Fact Sheet Fact Sheet

Fact Sheet

Embassy of India


Fact Sheet & Country Note on Japan




  1. I.General

Official Name

Japan (Nihon or Nippon in Japanese which means ‘Origin of Sun’).



Standard Time

GMT + 9 hours

Land Territory

3,77,975 sq. kms.


Japan, known as the ‘Land of Rising Sun’, is a part of a long chain of mountains running from South East Asia to Alaska. It comprises of over six thousand islands. It has long rocky coastline with many small and excellent harbors, numerous valleys, rivers and lakes. Mountainous and hilly areas account for over 75% of total area with 532 mountains over 2,000 meters high. Mt. Fuji is the highest mountain rising up to 3776 meters. Being located on the Pacific Ring of Fire, Japan is prone to earthquakes.


Predominantly temperate, it is marked by four distinct seasons with pronounced differences in the North and the South. Northern Japan has long and harsh winters and relatively cool summers. Central Japan has cold short winters and cool humid summers.

Main Cities


Tokyo (capital), Yokohama, Osaka, Nagoya, Sapporo,Fukouka, Kobe, Kawasaki, Kyoto, Sendai

Total Prefectures

(Administrative division)




Population and  demography

125.21 million  (as of September 2021; Source: MIC, Japan)

29.1% of the population is over 65 years of age; 15.0% of the population is aged 75 & above (as of September 2021; Source: MIC, Japan)

Life Expectancy (years)

Male – 81.64; Female – 87.74 years (August 2021; Source: MHLW, Japan)


Shintoism (51%), Buddhists (43%), Christians (1%), Others (5%)

Neighboring Countries

Russia, North Korea, South Korea, China, Philippines, Pacific Islands, and the US

Political System

Japan is a constitutional monarchy. The Emperor is the symbol of State and of the unity of people. He performs his constitutional duties on the advice and with the approval of the Cabinet. Japan follows parliamentary democracy with separation of legislative, executive and judicial branches.  The term of the government is four years. It may be terminated earlier if the Cabinet dissolves the House of Representatives. The Cabinet headed by Prime Minister is responsible to the Parliament (Diet) consisting of the House of Representatives (Lower House – 465 seats) and the House of Councillors (Upper House – 245 seats). Voting is by universal adult suffrage (18 years old and above).

Head of State (Emperor)


Head of Government (Prime Minister)


Minister for Foreign Affairs

HAYASHI Yoshimasa

Major Political Parties in Diet (Japanese Parliament)

House of Representatives – 465 (as of December 2021)

Liberal Democratic Party

275 (21)

The Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan and the Independent

112 (15)


29 (4)

Japanese Communist Party

12 (3)

Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party)

11 (1)

Democratic Party For the People

10 (0)


10 (0)


460 (47)





Note: Figures in parentheses show the number of women members




House of Councillors – 245 (as of December 2021)


Political Group in the House

Number of Members

Liberal Democratic Party and Voice of The People

111 (17)

The Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan and Social Democratic Party

45 (15)


28 (5)

Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party)

15 (3)

Democratic Party For the People and The Shin-Ryokufukai

15 (4)

Japanese Communist Party

13 (5)

Okinawa Whirlwind

2 (0)


2 (1)


2 (2)

Your Party

2 (0)


7 (4)




242 (56)





Note: Figures in parentheses show the number of women members




Prime Minister

SUZUKI Shunichi (R)

Minister of Finance
Minister of State for Financial Services
Minister in charge of Overcoming Deflation

KANEKO Yasushi (R)

Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications

FURUKAWA Yoshihisa (R)

Minister of Justice

HAYASHI Yoshimasa (R)

Minister for Foreign Affairs

SUEMATSU Shinsuke (C)

Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology
Minister in charge of Education Rebuilding

 GOTO Shigeyuki (R)

Minister of Health, Labour and Welfare
Minister for Working-style Reform

 KANEKO Genjiro (C)

Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

 HAGIUDA Koichi (R)

Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
Minister in charge of Industrial Competitiveness
Minister for Economic Cooperation with Russia
Minister in charge of the Reponse to the Economic Impact caused by the Nuclear Accident
Minister of State for the Nuclear Damage Compensation and Decommissioning Facilitation Corporation

 SAITO Tetsuo (R)

Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
Minister in charge of Water Cycle Policy

YAMAGUCHI Tsuyoshi (R)

Minister of the Environment
Minister of State for Nuclear Emergency Preparedness

KISHI Nobuo (C)

Minister of Defense

MATSUNO Hirokazu (R)

Chief Cabinet Secretary
Minister in charge of Mitigating the Impact of U.S. Forces in Okinawa
Minister in charge of the Abductions Issue

 NISHIME Kozaburo (R)

Minister for Reconstruction
Minister in charge of Comprehensive Policy Coordination for Revival from the Nuclear Accident at Fukushima

Minister in charge of Administrative Reform
Minister in charge of Civil Service Reform
Minister of State for Okinawa and Northern Territories Affairs
Minister of State for Regulatory Reform

NINOYU Satoshi (C)

Chairperson of the National Public Safety Commission
Minister in charge of Building National Resilience
Minister in charge of Territorial Issues
Minister of State for Disaster Management
Minister of State for Ocean Policy

NODA Seiko (R)

Minister for Promoting Dynamic Engagement of All Citizens
Minister in charge of Regional Revitalization
Minister of State for Measures for Declining Birthrate
Minister of State for Regional Revitalization

Minister in charge of Women's Empowerment
Minister of State for Gender Equality

YAMAGIWA Daishiro (R)

Minister in charge of Economic Revitalization
Minister in charge of Social Security Reform
Minister of State for Economic and Fiscal Policy

Minister in charge of the Trans-Pacific Partnership


Minister for Digital Transformation
Minister in charge of Information Technology Policy
Minister of State for the Social Security and Tax Number System


Minister for Covid-19 Vaccination

Minister for the Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games


Minister for the World Expo 2025
Minister of State for Consumer Affairs and Food Safety
Minister of State for "Cool Japan" Strategy
Minister of State for the Intellectual Strategy
Minister of State for Science and Technology Policy
Minister of State for Space Policy

                           R- Member of House of Representatives; C- Member of House of Councillors


  1. II.Key Economic Indicators



The economy of Japan is the third largest in the world by nominal GDP, the fourth largest by purchasing power parity and is the world’s second largest developed economy. Japan is the world’s third largest automobile manufacturing country, has the largest electronics goods industry, and is often ranked among the world’s most innovative countries leading several measures of global patent filings. Manufacturing in Japan focuses primarily on high-tech and precision goods, such as optical instruments, hybrid vehicles, and robotics. Besides the Kanto region, the Kansai region is one of the leading industrial clusters and manufacturing centers for the Japanese economy. Japan is the world’s largest creditor nation, generally running an annual trade surplus and having a considerable net international investment surplus.


Real : 527.1 trillion JPY (US$4.74 trillion) (FY 2020-21) 

Nominal : 536.6 trillion JPY (US$4.83 trillion)  (FY 2020-21) ( Unofficial Conversion as per rates on 5 October , 2021)

GDP Growth Rate

Real : –4.4%, Nominal : - 3.9% (FY 2020-21)

GDP Per capita


US$ 41,637 (CY 2020)


Major Sectors (% of GDP)

Agriculture: 1.2

Industry: 27.5

Services: 71.4

Inflation rate

0.5% (FY 2019) 

Unemployment rate

2.8% (CY 2020) 

Total Trade

US$ 1168.45 billion (FY 2020-21)

Exports (Goods): US$ 625.22 billion (FY 2020-21)

Imports (Goods): US$ 614.32 billion (FY 2020-21)

(Unofficial Conversion as per rates on 5 October, 2021)

Major Trading Partners

China, USA, EU

Rate of Exchange

USD/JPY: 111.08

INR/JPY: 1.49

(As on 05th October 2021)

Major Items of Exports

Transport equipments (Motor vehicles, parts of motor vehicles, ships, etc), Electrical machinery & Semiconductors, Machinery (iron & steel products, electronic integrated circuits, power generating machinery), Manufactured goods (Iron & steel products, nonferrous metals, etc), Chemicals (organic, medical, plastic materials), Food stuffs, Others.

Major Items of Imports

Minseral fuesls (Petroleum & petroleum products, LNG, coal, LPG), Manufactured goods (iron & steel, nonferrous, textile yarn and fabric, clothing & accessories, medical products), Machinery (telecommunications equipment, semiconductors, electronic integrated circuits, computers & parts, scientific & optical equipment), Food stuffs, Transport equipment, Chemicals (Organic & medical products), Raw materials (wood, ore of nonferrous, iron ore, etc).

Japan’s Major Industries

Motor Vehicles, Electronic Goods, Machinery & Machine Tools, Steel & Non-Ferrous Metals, Ships, Chemicals, Textiles, Processed Food


III. India Specific Information


Indian Origin/Permanent Resident

Total: 547

Indian Expatriates

Total: approx 40,202

Indian Organizations







Government Organizations



Indian Associations registered with EOI & CGI

49 with EOI Tokyo

09 with CGI Osaka



31 December 2021

10 https://japan.kantei.go.jp/99_suga/meibo/daijin/index_e.html (R denotes House of Representatives & C denotes House of Councillors)