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Embassy of India
(Science & Technology Wing)
Japan's 5th Science and Technology Basic Plan
Japan adopted the 5th Science and Technology Basic Plan, prepared by the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (CSTI) which is chaired by their Prime Minister on 1st April 2016. The main objectives are based on the four pillars namely:-
i) Acting to create new value for the development of future industry and social transformation.
ii) Addressing economic and social challenges
iii) Reinforcing the “fundamentals” for STI (science, technology, and innovation)
Bilateral Cooperation in the field of Science & Technology
Indo-Japan S&T cooperation was formalized through Inter-Governmental Agreement signed in 1985 between Ministry of External Affairs, New Delhi and Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan.
Indo Japan Joint S&T Committee Co-Chaired by Department of Science & Technology(DST) India and MoFA, Japan, is the apex body which provides vision and direction to the cooperative S&T activities. The 8th Meeting of Indo-Japan Joint S&T Committee was held on 28 October 2014 in Japan.
An Implementation Arrangement (IA) between DST & Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science & Technology (MEXT) was signed in January 2014 at New Delhi. Coordination Committee Meetings for S&T Cooperation between DST & MEXT Officials were held at Tokyo on 28- 29 October 2014 and at New Delhi on 26 February 2015 respectively.
Our bilateral S&T Cooperation also has institutional framework with different Japanese Government Agencies involving value based partnership on the principles of 'reciprocity and co-funding'.
DST-Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)
The India-Japan Cooperative Science Programme was initiated in 1993 with the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) being guided by India-Japan Science Council (IJSC). Till date 19 meetings of India-Japan Science Council have been held. The last meeting was held in Bangalore, India in April 2016.
Priority areas of joint project and Joint Workshops includes: Physical and Chemical Systems; Fundamental Science, Engineered Materials Systems; Engineering and Processes, Natural Systems; Biology and Life Sciences, Global Systems; Earth-Space, Marine, and Environment and Mathematics and Computational Science.
Till date more than 250 joint projects have been supported, 1600 exchange visits of scientists have taken place from both sides, 65 joint seminars/workshops and 9 Asian Academic seminars have been organized and 10 Raman-Mizushima lectures have been delivered by eminent Indian and Japanese scientists.
A Letter of Intent (LoI) in December 2015 was signed between Department of Science & Technology (DST) and Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) to initiate the Fellowship Programme for the young researchers. The guidelines for the fellowship programme are under preparation.
DST-Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)
The MOU between Department of Science and Technology, India and with Japan Science and Technology, Japan was signed on 8th December 2006.
A Letter of Intent on the Strategic International Cooperative Program between Department of Science and Technology of India and the Japan Science and Technology Agency was signed in December 2015. The LoI aims to promote collaborative activities for functional applications of Physical Sciences in Information and Communication Technology (including Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence and Big Data Analysis) between India and Japan.
Indian Beam Line at KEK, Tsukuba
The Indian Beam Line project was initiated at the Photon Factory at KEK, Tsukuba, Japan to develop science collaboration between Indian and Japanese scientific community in the area of advanced materials research. The first Indian Beamline was established by the DST in 2010. Indian scientists from 14 institutions across the country have undertaken experiments using this facility. 186 Indian scientists have carried out 77 experiments using 389 days of beam time, leading to new knowledge creation and publication of research papers in international journals. The project got completed in March 2015.
Both MEXT and DST agreed to support the second phase of the Beamline for another 5 years. Accordingly, the MoU between KEK and DST was extended in June 2015 to continue the second phase of Indian beam line at Photon Factory, KEK, Tsukuba for R&D in the area of advanced materials research. As per agreement, 50% time of Indian beam line can be now used by International users of Photon Factory (PF) and 50% time will be reserved for Indian scientists. Japanese scientists have also started using this beam line from this year.
SAKURA Science Programme:
JST has recently initiated a programme to invite high school students from Asian countries to visit Japanese universities and research laboratories and also in fact with Nobel laureates. India was included in this programme in 2015. DST is the nodal agency for this programme in India. Around 300 high–school Indian students have visited Japan under this programme till last year.
Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, Govt. of India has concluded a comprehensive Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science & Technology (AIST), Japan in February 2007 under the Joint Statement towards India-Japan Strategic and Global Partnership, signed by the Prime Ministers of India and Japan in December 2006.
The MoU enrolled five years of successful bilateral research collaborating in the field of Bioinformatics and Biomedicine and joint workshops all both ends. Till date 8 projects focusing mainly on drugs /therapeutics for diseases like cancer have been supported. Four projects funded in the area of bioinformatics in collaboration with scientists at CBRC, Tokyo include projects on developing software tools to identify and characterize members of olfactory receptors (ORs), designing cyborg lectin for use in targeted drug delivery system in cancer and to identify efflux pump inhibitors for MDR bacteria. Another four projects supported in the area of Cell Engineering in collaboration with the Biomedical Research Institute at Tsukuba focus on studies aimed at understanding cancers and develop novel ways for intervention using Ashwagandha derived phytochemicals.
Renewal of MoU & Establishment of DAILAB
MoU was renewed for second term (2012-2017) along with an establishment of a joint laboratory DAILAB (DBT-AIST International Laboratory for Advance Biomedicine) at Biomedical Research Institute (BRI), Tsukuba campus of AIST, Japan in October 2013. DAILAB is the first International laboratory in Life Sciences & Biotechnology of the two institutions aimed at (i) joint basic to applied research on disease prevention and therapeutics for increasing the quality of life (with focus on old age), (ii) research training to young International studies, (iii) networking among researchers for fundamental and cutting edge research, and (iv) endeavour global frontage of both the institutions. During last one year SISTER-DAILABs have been set up at IIT-Delhi, RCG, Faridabad, Manipal University and Sikkim University. DAILAB has been a successful model for India-Japan S&T partnership.
Stem Cell Research with CiRA, Kyoto University
The Department of Biotechnology has implemented an Indo-Japan collaborative project on “Accelerating the application of stem cell technology in human disease” with four participating institutions from India and Centre for iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University, Japan as international partner. This proposal aims to develop the infrastructure and the expertise for India to be a competitive force in the field of regenerative medicine and induced pluripotent stem cell biology for developing treatments for sickle cell anemia, β- thalassemia and brain disorders and creating haplobank relevant to our population.
MoES & JAMSTEC Collaboration
A 'Letter of Intent' between JAMSTEC and MoES was signed in August 2014 for mutual collaboration in Ocean and Earth Science and Technology. Areas identified for collaboration include Ocean Technology (Ocean Observations, Submersible for Ocean exploration etc), Marine bio technology and Atmospheric Sciences.
A Memorandum of Cooperation on mutual cooperation between the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC) in Marine and Earth Science and Technology was signed on 11 November, 2016 during the visit of PM Modi. The MOU aims to establish and promote cooperation in the field of marine and earth science and technology, based on mutual equality and benefits through joint surveys, cruises, and research and development (R&D) activities; exchange of scientific visits by researchers, executives, and experts, joint scientific seminars, workshops and meetings, exchange of information, data and studied results and other mutually agreed forms of cooperation. Areas identified for cooperation include data sharing, observation system for ocean climate variability, baseline data acquisition in the Indian Ocean, climate variability and its application, artificial intelligence and information technology and general information exchange.
Cooperation in Nuclear Science and Technology
An MOU on Core University Programme was signed between Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) in March, 2006. “Accelerator Physics” was identified as the area for cooperation. Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology (RRCAT), Indore and High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba from Japan were identified as the core institutions from India and Japan for the programme. Two Indo-Japanese school on ‘Accelerator Physics’ were organized.
MoU between Indian Nuclear Society (INS) and Japan Atomic Energy Society (JAES) was signed in September 2013 in Tokyo to promote peaceful uses of nuclear science & technology. The MoU is valid for 5 years.
MoU between DAE and KEK
A memorandum of understanding was signed, in Feb 2012, between the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and KEK to establish collaborative activities, and to focus on developments in the field of particle physics through KEK’s Belle-II experiment, detector research and development projects, synchrotron science, and accelerator science. The MoU facilitates collaboration for R &D with DAE institutions viz., Rajaramanna Center for Advanced Technology, Indore, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata and Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC), Mumbai on various aspects of accelerator research.
An MoU between National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) of Japan and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) of India was signed in February 2007 for mutual cooperation in the areas of Clean coal technologies, biomass, organic chemical process and life sciences.
Cooperation between DGH and JOGMEC
An MOU was signed between DGH & Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation (JOGMEC) in Februray 2007 for collaboration on the research and development of the technologies pertaining to methane hydrate for 2 years and was extended automatically for one year till February 2010. The MOU has been extended thrice already (recently in February 2016 and is valid up to February 2019).
Cooperation in Space Science and Technology
Japan Space Exploration Agency (JAXA) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Collaboration dates back to 1960s, since the establishment of Thumba Equatorial Rocket Station at Thumba (Thiruvananthapuram). Scientists from Japan especially from Nagoya University have successfully used ISRO facilities at Thumba and Balloon facility at Hyderabad for X-ray, gamma-ray and infrared observation of the universe.
An "Arrangement concerning the considerations of potential future cooperation in field of outer space" was signed in October, 2005 between the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). Subsequently both agencies have signed cooperative documents addressing lunar exploration, satellite navigation, X-ray astronomy and Asia Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APSRAF). ISRO and JAXA are discussing an Memorandum of Understanding to pursue future cooperative activities in the use and exploration of outer space exclusively for peaceful purposes.
JAXA and ISRO will work together in the field of disaster mitigation through the Sentinel Asia project under the framework of the Asia‐Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APRSAF) and ISRO intends to host the APRSAF in 2017. Under Sentinel Asia initiative, ISRO provides all Indian Remote Sensing Satellite data for disasters for Asia Pacific countries as per Sentinel Asia emergency request. During 2015, satellite data support (28 scenes) were provided for 10 emergency requests from Vietnam, Pakistan, Japan, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal and Taiwan for floods, oil spill, landslides and Typhoon disasters.
A Memorandum of Understanding between Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) concerning Cooperation in the Field of Outer Space was signed on 11 November, 2016 during the visit of PM Modi to Japan.
In addition to the above S&T collaborations between India and Japan, several institutional cooperation mechanisms exist between Indian institutes and universities viz., Indian Institute of Sciences, Indian Institute of Technologies, Delhi University, Manipal University, CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute, National Institute of Ocean Technology, Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Advanced International Research Center for Powdered Metallurgy, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) and Japanese institutes like, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), RIKEN, National Institute of Material Sciences, Japan Agency for Marine Science and Technology, Tokyo University, Hokkaido University, Tohoku University, Toyo University, Keio University etc.
India- Japan Relations