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S&T Cooperation
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Embassy of India

(Science & Technology Wing)

Tokyo 

Japan's 5th Science and Technology Basic Plan

Japan adopted the 5th Science and Technology Basic Plan, prepared by the Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (CSTI) which is chaired by their Prime Minister on 1st April 2016. The main objectives are based on the four pillars namely:-

i) Acting to create new value for the development of future industry and social transformation.

  • Fostering R&D and human resources that boldly challenge the future
  • Realizing a world-leading “super smart society” (Society 5.0)
  • Enhancing competitiveness and consolidating fundamental technologies in a “super smart society”

ii) Addressing economic and social challenges

  • Sustainable growth and self-sustaining regional development
  • Ensure safety and security for our nation and its citizens and a high-quality, prosperous way of life
  • Addressing global challenges and contributing to global development
  • Pioneering strategically important frontiers

  iii) Reinforcing the “fundamentals” for STI (science, technology, and innovation)

  • Developing high-quality human resources
  • Promoting Excellence in knowledge creation 

Bilateral  Cooperation in the field of Science & Technology 
between India and Japan
 

 Indo-Japan S&T cooperation was formalized through Inter-Governmental Agreement signed in 1985 between Ministry of External Affairs, New Delhi and Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan. 

Indo Japan Joint S&T Committee  Co-Chaired by Department of Science & Technology(DST) India and MoFA, Japan, is the apex body which provides vision and direction to the cooperative S&T activities. The 9th Meeting of Indo-Japan Joint S&T Committee was held on 30 January 2017 in India.

An Implementation Arrangement (IA) between DST & Ministry of Science and Technology and the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science & Technology (MEXT) was signed in January 2014 at New Delhi.   Coordination Committee Meetings for S&T Cooperation between DST & MEXT Officials were held at Tokyo on 28- 29 October 2014 and at New Delhi on 26 February 2015 respectively. 

Our bilateral S&T Cooperation also has institutional framework with   different Japanese Government Agencies involving value based partnership   on the principles of 'reciprocity and co-funding'. 

DST-Japan Society for the Promotion of Science   (JSPS)

The India-Japan Cooperative Science Programme was initiated in 1993 with the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) being guided by India-Japan Science Council (IJSC). Till date 19 meetings of India-Japan Science Council have been held. The last meeting was held in Bangalore, India in April 2016.

Priority areas of joint project and Joint Workshops  includes: Physical and Chemical Systems; Fundamental Science, Engineered Materials Systems; Engineering and Processes, Natural Systems; Biology and Life Sciences, Global Systems; Earth-Space, Marine, and Environment and Mathematics and Computational Science.

Till date more than 250 joint projects have been supported, 1600 exchange visits of scientists have taken place from both sides, 65 joint seminars/workshops and 9 Asian Academic seminars have been organized and 10 Raman-Mizushima lectures have been delivered by eminent Indian and Japanese scientists. 

A Letter of Intent (LoI) in December 2015 was signed between Department of Science & Technology (DST) and Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) to initiate the Fellowship Programme for the young researchers.  A joint call   has been launched in 2017. 

DST-Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST)

 The MOU between Department of Science and Technology, India and with Japan Science and Technology, Japan was signed on 8th December 2006.

  • Three annual calls for proposal were opened for joint research projects in the area of Interdisciplinary Information and Communication Technology during 2007-2009 and a total of 18 joint projects have been supported.
  • As an outcome of the joint workshop on “Biomedical Research”. organised in Tokyo  during February 2012, a joint call in 2013-14 resulted in three projects in the areas of Biomedical Sciences which are currently under implementation.
  • Three projects under the theme of "Medical research" have been transferred to the Japan Agency for Medical Sciences (AMED) for implementation in 2015.

A Letter of Intent on the Strategic International Cooperative Program between Department of Science and Technology of India and the Japan Science and Technology Agency  was signed in December 2015. The LoI aims to promote collaborative activities for functional applications of Physical Sciences in Information and Communication Technology (including Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence and Big Data Analysis) between India and Japan.

  • In response to the recent joint call under this LoI, three India-Japan Joint Laboratories in the area of "Architecting Intelligent dependable Cyber Physical System Targeting IoT and Mobile Big Data Analysis", "Security in the Internet of Things Space" and "Data Science-based Farming Support System for Sustainable Crop Production under Climatic Change" have been established with DST/JST support in 2016. 

DST-RIKEN

  • An Addendum to the Memorandum of Understanding between DST and RIKEN was signed on 14th September, 2013 in New Delhi.
  • The Addendum includes the cooperation in the areas of Material Science and Life Science and provision to provide financial support for mobility based joint projects which include exchange of faculties, students, scientists, research staff, technicians, specialists, experts and organization of joint workshop/seminar.

Indian Beam Line at KEK, Tsukuba

 The Indian Beam Line project was initiated at the Photon Factory at KEK, Tsukuba, Japan to develop science collaboration between Indian and Japanese scientific community in the area of advanced materials research. The  first Indian Beamline was established by the DST in  2010. Indian scientists from 14 institutions across the country have undertaken experiments using this facility.  186 Indian scientists have carried out 77 experiments using 389 days of beam time, leading to new knowledge creation and publication of research papers in international journals. The project got completed in March 2015.

Both MEXT and DST agreed to support the second phase of the Beamline for another 5 years.  Accordingly, the MoU between KEK and DST was extended in June 2015 to continue the second phase of Indian beam line at Photon Factory, KEK, Tsukuba for  R&D in the area of advanced materials research. As per agreement, 50% time of Indian beam line can be now used by International users of Photon Factory (PF) and 50% time will be reserved for Indian scientists. Japanese scientists have also started using this beam line from this year. 

SAKURA Science Programme:

JST has recently initiated a programme to invite high school students from Asian countries to visit Japanese universities and research laboratories and also in fact with Nobel laureates. India was included in this programme in 2015. DST/MHRD implement this programme from  India. Around 600 high–school Indian students have visited Japan under this programme till last year.

DBT-AIST Collaboration

Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, Govt. of India has concluded a comprehensive Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science & Technology (AIST), Japan in February 2007 under the Joint Statement towards India-Japan Strategic and Global Partnership, signed by the Prime Ministers of India and Japan in December 2006. 

The MoU enrolled five years of successful bilateral research collaborating in the field of Bioinformatics and Biomedicine and joint workshops all both ends. Till date 8 projects focusing mainly on drugs /therapeutics for diseases like cancer have been supported. Four projects funded in the area of bioinformatics in collaboration with scientists at CBRC, Tokyo include projects on developing software tools to identify and characterize members of olfactory receptors (ORs), designing cyborg lectin for use in targeted drug delivery system in cancer and to identify efflux pump inhibitors for MDR bacteria. Another four projects supported in the area of Cell Engineering in collaboration with the Biomedical Research Institute at Tsukuba focus on studies aimed at understanding cancers and develop novel ways for intervention using Ashwagandha derived phytochemicals. 

Renewal of MoU & Establishment of DAILAB

MoU was renewed for second term (2012-2017) along with an establishment of a joint laboratory DAILAB (DBT-AIST International Laboratory for Advance Biomedicine) at Biomedical Research Institute (BRI), Tsukuba campus of AIST, Japan in October 2013. DAILAB is the first International laboratory in Life Sciences & Biotechnology of the two institutions aimed at  (i)  joint basic to applied research on disease prevention and therapeutics for increasing the quality of life (with focus on old age), (ii) research training to young International studies, (iii) networking among researchers for fundamental and cutting edge research, and (iv) endeavour global frontage of both the institutions. During last two years, 5 SISTER-DAILABs have been set up at IIT-Delhi, RCG, Faridabad,  Manipal University, Sikkim University and IIT-Guwahati . DAILAB has been a successful model for India-Japan S&T partnership.

Stem Cell Research with CiRA, Kyoto University

The Department of Biotechnology has implemented an Indo-Japan collaborative project on “Accelerating the application of stem cell technology in human disease” with four participating institutions from India and Centre for iPS Cell Research and Application (CiRA), Kyoto University, Japan as international partner. This proposal aims to develop the infrastructure and the expertise for India to be a competitive force in the field of regenerative medicine and induced pluripotent stem cell biology for developing treatments for sickle cell anemia, β- thalassemia and brain disorders and creating haplobank relevant to our population.

 MoES & JAMSTEC Collaboration

A Memorandum of Cooperation on mutual cooperation between the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES) and the Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC) in Marine and Earth Science and Technology was signed on 11 November, 2016 during the visit of PM Modi. The MOU aims to establish and promote cooperation in the field of marine and earth science and technology, based on mutual equality and benefits through joint surveys,  cruises, and research and development (R&D) activities; exchange of scientific visits by researchers, executives, and experts, joint scientific seminars, workshops and meetings, exchange of information, data and studied results and other mutually agreed forms of cooperation. Areas identified for cooperation include data sharing, observation system for ocean climate variability, baseline data acquisition in the Indian Ocean, climate variability and its application, artificial intelligence and information technology and general information exchange.

Cooperation in Nuclear Science and Technology

An MOU on Core University Programme was signed between Department of Science and Technology (DST) and Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) in March, 2006. “Accelerator Physics” was identified as the area for cooperation. Raja Ramanna Centre for Advanced Technology (RRCAT), Indore and High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba from Japan were identified as the core institutions from India and Japan for the programme. Two Indo-Japanese school on ‘Accelerator Physics’ were organized.

MoU between Indian Nuclear Society (INS) and Japan Atomic Energy Society (JAES) was signed in September 2013 in Tokyo to promote peaceful uses of nuclear science & technology. The MoU is valid for 5 years.

MoU between DAE and KEK

A memorandum of understanding was signed,  in Feb 2012, between the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) and KEK to establish collaborative activities, and to focus on developments in the field of particle physics through KEK’s Belle-II experiment, detector research and development projects, synchrotron science, and accelerator science. The MoU facilitates collaboration for R &D with DAE institutions viz., Rajaramanna Center for Advanced Technology, Indore, Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics, Kolkata and Bhabha Atomic Research Center (BARC), Mumbai on various aspects of accelerator research.  

CSIR-AIST Collaboration

An MoU between National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) of Japan and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) of India was signed in February 2007 for mutual cooperation in the areas of Clean coal technologies, biomass, organic chemical process and life sciences.

 Cooperation between DGH and JOGMEC   

An MOU was signed between DGH & Japan Oil, Gas and Metals National Corporation (JOGMEC) in February 2007 for collaboration on the research and development of the technologies pertaining to methane hydrate for 2 years and was extended automatically for one year till February 2010. The MOU has been extended thrice already (recently in February 2016 and is valid up to February 2019).

 Cooperation in Space Science and Technology

Japan Space Exploration Agency (JAXA) and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) Collaboration dates back to 1960s, since the establishment of Thumba Equatorial Rocket Station at Thumba (Thiruvananthapuram). Scientists from Japan especially from Nagoya University have successfully used ISRO facilities at Thumba and Balloon facility at Hyderabad for X-ray, gamma-ray and infrared observation of the universe.

An "Arrangement concerning the considerations of potential future cooperation in field of outer space" was signed in October, 2005  between the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). Subsequently both agencies have signed cooperative documents addressing lunar exploration, satellite navigation,  X-ray astronomy and Asia Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APSRAF). ISRO and JAXA are discussing an Memorandum of Understanding  to pursue future cooperative activities in the use and exploration of outer space exclusively for peaceful purposes.

 JAXA and ISRO will work together in the field of disaster mitigation through the Sentinel Asia project under the framework of the Asia‐Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum (APRSAF) and ISRO intends to host the APRSAF in 2017. Under Sentinel Asia initiative, ISRO provides all Indian Remote Sensing Satellite data for disasters for Asia Pacific countries as per Sentinel Asia emergency request. During 2015, satellite data support (28 scenes) were provided for 10 emergency requests from Vietnam, Pakistan, Japan, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal and Taiwan for floods, oil spill, landslides and Typhoon disasters. 

A Memorandum of Understanding between Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) and Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) concerning Cooperation in the Field of Outer Space was signed on 11 November, 2016 during the visit of PM Modi to Japan.

Miscellaneous collaborations

In addition to the above S&T collaborations between India and Japan, several institutional cooperation mechanisms exist between Indian institutes and universities viz., Indian Institute of Sciences, Indian Institute of Technologies, Delhi University, Manipal University, CSIR-National Institute of Oceanography, CSIR-National Geophysical Research Institute, National Institute of Ocean Technology, Indian Institute of Geomagnetism, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Advanced International Research Center for Powdered Metallurgy, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research (JNCASR) and Japanese institutes like, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), RIKEN,  National Institute of Material Sciences, Japan Agency for Marine Science and Technology, Tokyo University, Hokkaido University, Tohoku University, Toyo University, Keio University etc.

July 2017.