India-Japan Railways Cooperation India-Japan Railways Cooperation

India-Japan Railways Cooperation

India-Japan Railway Cooperation

India–Japan cooperation in Railway Sector is reflected in various ongoing projects, technical cooperation program, capacity development program, Railway research with universities of Japan and implementation of five MoU/MoC between the two countries.

1. Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Rail (MAHSR) Project

  • To revolutionize the transport sector in India through speed, safety and service, the first High Speed Rail (HSR) corridor is being implemented from Mumbai to Ahmedabad, with technical and financial assistance from Government of Japan. With total twelve stations in the States of Maharashtra, Gujarat and Union Territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, the corridor has a length of 508.17km. National High Speed Rail Corporation Ltd (NHSRCL) has been modeled as a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV) for implementing the flagship project.
  • Progress of the project is reviewed at the apex-level in the form of Joint Committee Meeting (JCM) co-chaired by Vice-Chairman Niti Aayog, from the Indian side and Special Adviser to the Prime Minister of Japan, on the Japanese side. The 12th JCM was held on 21st April 2021.
  • The project comprise 25 packages of Civil works, Track, Training Institute and Shinkansen Core System. Work has been completed for 2 packages of Training Institute at Vadodara. Further, three contracts for civil works have been awarded, bids have been invited for 4 packages and bids opened for 5 packages.
  • Contract for the largest ever infrastructure tender of India has been awarded for design and construction of 237 Km of viaduct including 4 stations on 28 Oct’2020. Another contract for design and construction of 89 km viaduct including construction of Anand/Nadiad station awarded on 18 Nov’2020. Therefore, contracts for 325km i.e. 64% of total viaduct of MAHSR have been awarded and construction activities have started. Contract for procurement and fabrication of 28 steel bridges has been awarded in Jan’2021. With regard to the land acquisition, 74% of the total land requirement has been acquired.
  • ODA agreements for approx. JPY 250 billion have been signed with JICA for disbursement.
    • A state-of-the-art High-Speed Rail Training Institute is being set up in the campus of National Academy of Indian Railways (NAIR) at Vadodara.
    • Station Area Development and Multimodal Integration (MMI): To utilize the potential of Transit Oriented Development (ToD) at stations and to increase the passenger ridership, Station Area Development has been planned with participation of all stakeholders for two stations in each state. Multimodal integration for creating a smart and sustainable transport network, is ongoing for the stations en-route. Construction of Passenger Hub at Sabarmati for connecting Sabarmati HSR Station with Western Railway Sabarmati Station, AEC Station of Gujarat Metro & Ahmedabad BRTS is in progress.
  • Transfer of Technology and Make in India: As per the agreement between Government of India and Japan, the MAHSR Project has Make in India (MII) & Transfer of Technology objectives. Four sub groups Track, Civil, Electrical & S&T, Rolling Stock were constituted with representatives from Indian industry, Japanese industry, MoR, MLIT, DIPP, NHSRCL & JETRO to discuss & identify potential items & sub-systems for Make in India. JETRO’s Trade Tie-up Promotion Program (TTPP) has created a special platform for encouraging Railway Industry partnership between India and Japan.
  • Capacity building program: In order to develop adequate human resource and to enable them acquire skills relevant for Shinkansen technology, training has been imparted to MoR & NHSRCL officials. The project entail technology transfer and capacity building for construction, operation, maintenance & management. HSR Innovation Center has been setup by NHSRCL in collaboration with IITs, IISc and RTRI Japan for driving innovation and cost effective solutions.

2. Railway Research Program with Japanese Universities

As per Memorandum of Cooperation with Government of Japan, MoR officials are pursuing 2-year Master’s/Research program in the field of railway technology in Japanese Universities with MEXT scholarship. MoR officials have joined M. Tech. degree & research programs in the field of Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Signaling engineering in Japanese universities.

3. Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) Project

  • The Western DFC (WDFC) is funded through ODA from JICA in two phases. Phase-I Rewari-Vadodara (947 Kms) has ODA of JPY 349 Billion and Phase-II Vadodara-JNPT (430 Kms) JPY 296 Billion. Till Nov’2020 approx. JPY 250 billion has been disbursed.
  • WDFC has adopted Japanese state-of-the-art technology for the construction of civil & track works, electrification, electrical power handling equipment, signaling & telecommunication system. This will increase throughput, modal share of IR and improve inter-modal logistic handling systems.
  • WDFC has achieved overall physical progress of 61% and all the Civil, System and Plants & Equipment contracts worth INR 34,220 Crores have been awarded. Target for completion is June 2022 in phased manner as indicated below:


Route Km

Targets of commissioning



306 Km

Completed and commercial opening for freight trains started on 7th Jan’2020


335 Km

March 2021


308 Km

March 2022

Makarpura -Vaitarna

313 Km

June 2022


117 Km

June 2022


127 Km

March 2022

  • Factory Acceptance Testing (FAT) and pre-dispatch inspection of Civil, Electrical and Signaling contract items supplied from Japan are performed at the manufacturing premises. Under the ‘Make-in-India’ initiative facilitated through the respective contracts, Traction Transformers are manufactured in India, under the transfer of technology arrangement from Japanese manufacturers.
  • Capacity building program with Japan Freight Railways is ongoing regarding freight management, digital techniques in O&M, logistics and special design containers for automobile transport.

4. Capacity Development on Railway Safety

  • India and Japan are cooperating to study best practices and share experience of Safety Management starting from Dec’2018. Under JICA Technical Cooperation, a team of safety experts from Japan had visited IR facilities to study the status of rail welding execution and safety management. A Project for ‘Capacity Development on Railway Safety’ has been taken up for capacity development of IR, DFCCIL and Commission of Railway Safety (CRS) organization. The objective is to prepare short & long term action plan to evolve safety culture, update skill/technology/manuals, periodical safety review based on Japanese best practices of construction, operation & maintenance.
  • Key areas for safety namely Accident Investigation, Rail Welding / Inspection, Track Maintenance, Rolling Stock Maintenance and Safety Management have been identified for action and accordingly teams have been formed for training. 4th Joint Coordination Committee (JCC) meeting was held on 19th Oct’2020 to discuss the achievements so far and future activities. It has been agreed to extend the cooperation project for one more year to fully utilize the learning from the training programs conducted in Japan in 2018 and 2019.

5. Metro Rail Projects

Presently, India has approx. 750km of operational metro lines in 18 cities and a further 1000km of lines are under construction in 27 cities. Six Metro Rail projects (Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai) are being implemented with technical and financial support from Government of Japan. These projects are an example of India-Japan partnership to meet the growing demand for mobility by building a Mass Rapid Transit System, which leads to sustainable urban development. JICA has extended ODA of over 1.3 trillion JPY to develop these Metro systems and redesign the urban landscape through green transportation systems. Propulsion and control systems are also supplied by Japanese manufacturing companies with their base in India.

6. MoU and MoC between India & Japan on Railway Sector

There are three MoCs and two MoU between India & Japan on Railway sector as below:

  • MoC signed on 11.12.2015 between Ministry of Railways, India and Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport & Tourism, Japan for Technological Cooperation in Rail Sector:

Action points include sharing of information and best practices through exchange of officials/technical experts, through meetings/video conference/symposium; conducting research and study jointly. The MoC is currently under renewal.

  • MoU signed on 11.12.2015 between Research, Design & Standards Organization (RDSO) India and Railway Technical Research Institute, (RTRI) Japan for Technological Cooperation in Rail Sector:

Experts from RDSO and RTRI have discussed various the research projects and shared the technical information in the areas of safety in train operation; advanced techniques of maintenance; use of environment friendly technologies and throughput enhancement measures etc. The MoU is currently under renewal.

  • MoC signed on 12.12.2015 between Government of India and Government of Japan for High Speed Railway:

The status update on MAHSR project is presented in Para-1 above.

  • MoC signed on 17.02.2017 between Ministry of Railways, India and Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport & Tourism, Japan for Technological Cooperation in Rail Safety:

The status update on technical cooperation in rail safety is presented in Para-5 above.

  • MoU signed on 16.12.2019 between National Rail & Transportation Institute (NRTI) and Japan Transport & Tourism Research Institute (JTTRI):

To forge academic partnerships incorporating the best in terms of curriculum & pedagogy, joint research, partnerships and collaborations, development of multidisciplinary research and training programs, MoU has been signed between NRTI and JTTRI.